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Pharmacology Department

Overview

PREAMBLE:

 

Pharmacology isabout treating the patients with the required medications, at the right dose,for the right duration and at an appropriate cost. The knowledge of themolecular basis of drug action, the adverse effects caused by the medications,its prevention and treatment and the effects of administering two or more drugsto a patient will be learnt in the context of its clinical application and notjust as facts. The emphasis is on clinical relevance of pharmacologicalknowledge.

 

GOALS:

 

The broad goalof Pharmacology curriculum is to equip the Indian Medical Graduate (IMG) withthe knowledge of scientific basis of therapeutics and the skills of rationalprescribing during the second year of MBBS.

 

OBJECTIVES:

 

Knowledge:

At the end ofthe course the student should be able to:

        Describe thepharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of essential and commonly used drugs

        Apply theknowledge of indications, contraindications, interactions and adverse reactionsof commonly used drugs in therapeutics

        Describe theprinciples of prescribing and calculate the dosage in special medicalsituations such as pregnancy, lactation, children, elderly and patients withrenal dysfunction

        Describe thebasis of Evidence Based Medicine

        Apply the conceptof rational drug therapy and P drugs in clinical pharmacology

        Describe theclinical presentation, diagnosis and management of common poisonings,insecticides, common sting and bites

        Describe drugsof abuse and the process of de-addiction

        Describe thephases and the regulations involved in the development and introduction of newdrugs

        Explain theconcepts and clinical relevance of Essential medicines, Fixed dosecombinations, Over the counter drugs, Herbal medicines, dietary supplements andnutraceuticals

        Describeoccupational and environmental pesticides, food adulterants, pollutants andinsect repellents

 

Skills:

At the end ofthe course the student should be able to:

        Write a rationalprescription for a given condition and communicate the same to the patient

        Recognize andreport an adverse drug reaction of commonly used medications

        Demonstrate theeffects of drugs on blood pressure through computer aided learning and interpretthe graph

        Perform acritical evaluation of the drug promotional literature

        Administer drugsthrough various routes in a simulated environment

 

Ethics, Attitude and Communication:

At the end ofthe course the student should be able to:

        Communicateeffectively with the patient with regards storage and use of common medications

        Explain to thepatients the right way to use the various drug formulations

        Communicate theimportance of adherence to medications and motivate the patients

        Demonstrate anunderstanding of the legal and regulatory aspects of prescribing medications.

        Understand andfollow the ethical principles involved in prescribing medications.

 

 Equipment/ Instruments available at the Department:

 

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